Coronary Angioplasty: Heart Revolutionary Treatment

Coronary Angioplasty is a vital treatment of heart disease and is performed by experts. Patients prefer this sophisticated approach to heart disease to maintain good health. 

Coronary angioplasty (AN-jee-o-plas-tee) is considered to be a procedure to open clogged blood vessels of one’s heart. A tiny balloon on a narrow tube, referred to as catheter, is made use of to widen a clogged artery and also improve blood flow.

Angioplasty is often followed by the placement of a small wire mesh tube known as a stent. The stent does help prop the artery open and then decreases the chance of the artery narrowing again.

Why it is it performed?

Development of atherosclerosis

Angioplasty with stent placement is made use of to treat the buildup of fats, cholesterol, and also other substances in and on the artery walls, a condition known as atherosclerosis. Blockage or narrowing of these blood vessels is also referred coronary artery disease.

Angioplasty does improve blood flow to the heart.

Angioplasty is no mean for all. For few open-heart surgery is recommended instead.

How does one prepare?

There may not in fact be time to prepare. Sometimes, coronary angioplasty and also stent placement are emergency treatments for a heart attack.

What you can expect?

Before the procedure

Sticky patches referred to electrodes are placed on one’s chest to check the heartbeat. One’s blood pressure also is checked. The heart rate, pulse, blood pressure and also oxygen level are continuously checked before, during and as well as after the procedure.

A member of the healthcare team may rather shave any hair from the body area where a flexible tube known as a catheter will be inserted.

During the procedure

Coronary artery stent

Coronary angioplasty and stent is usually done in the hospital in a room with special X-ray and imaging machines.

Fluids and other medicines, such as blood thinners are given via the IV.

The area where the catheter goes is numbed. Then, the doctor tends to make a small cut to reach the blood vessel. The catheter is inserted into the blood vessel and then guided to the heart.

Dye flows via the catheter. The dye does help blood vessels show up more clearly on the X-ray images. Doing this does help the doctor check for blockages in one’s heart arteries. The results do help the doctor decide whether to continue with the angioplasty.

After the procedure

Stay in the hospital after angioplasty and stent insertion depends on why the procedure was done.

Returning home, rest and drink plenty of fluids in order to help remove the imaging dye from one’s body.

After coronary angioplasty and stent insertion:

  • Blood-thinning medicines: After getting a stent, he patient may require to take medicines in order to prevent blood clots. The doctor may recommend taking aspirin with another medicine, like clopidogrel (Plavix), ticagrelor (Brilinta) or prasugrel (Effient). Aspirin recommendations do vary. Checking with the healthcare team before starting aspirin is good.
  • Activity restrictions: Avoiding strenuous exercise or lifting heavy objects for at least 24 hours after coronary angioplasty and stent insertion.
  • Cardiac rehabilitation: The heart doctor may suggest a personalized program of exercise and also education known as cardiac rehabilitation. It does typically involve exercise training, emotional support and also education about a heart-healthy lifestyle. The supervised program is indeed designed to improve health in those with heart disease. It is often recommended after a heart attack or heart surgery.


Coronary angioplasty and stent placement can enhance blood flow via a previously blocked or narrowed heart artery. The doctor can compare images of one’s heart taken before and after the procedure in order to determine how well the angioplasty and stent work.

Angioplasty with stent does not treat the underlying causes of blockages in the arteries. To keep the heart healthy after angioplasty, these tips help:

  • Do not smoke or even use tobacco.
  • Eat a diet low in saturated fats and rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and healthy oils like olive oil or avocado.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Ask a healthcare professional what a healthy weight is for oneself.
  • Get regular exercise.
  • Control cholesterol, blood pressure as well as blood sugar.


Keeping the heart healthy is important.